1. Replacing a 160-Year-Old Legacy

The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023 replaces the Indian Penal Code, 1860, ending a colonial-era legal framework that lasted over a century and a half.

2. Gender-Neutral Provisions

Unlike its predecessor, the new code introduces gender-neutral language and provisions, reflecting modern views on equality and justice.

3. Focus on Speedy Trials

To reduce judicial backlog, the Sanhita mandates time-bound trials, aiming to conclude most cases within six months.

4. Stringent Measures Against Organized Crime

For the first time, the law specifically addresses organized crime, with severe penalties for those involved in criminal enterprises.

5. Enhanced Cybercrime Laws

The new code includes detailed sections on cybercrimes, addressing issues like hacking, identity theft, and cyberstalking with stringent penalties.

6. Special Provisions for Elder Abuse

Elderly citizens gain added protection under the new law, which introduces specific offenses related to their abuse and exploitation.

7. Increased Protection for Whistleblowers

Whistleblowers exposing corruption or wrongdoing are granted enhanced protection against retaliation under the new legal framework.

8. Decentralized Law Enforcement

The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023 encourages the establishment of local law enforcement bodies, empowering communities to manage minor legal issues.

9. Modernized Definitions of Crimes

Crimes such as theft, fraud, and assault are redefined to align with contemporary societal and technological contexts.

10. Comprehensive Anti-Trafficking Laws

The Sanhita introduces robust measures to combat human trafficking, including severe punishments and support systems for victims.

11. Stringent Anti-Terrorism Measures

Enhanced provisions against terrorism are included, with strict penalties for those involved in planning, financing, or committing terrorist acts.

12. Increased Penalties for Environmental Crimes

Environmental protection is a priority, with increased penalties for offenses such as illegal mining, deforestation, and pollution.

13. Stronger Protections for Women and Children

The code expands protections for women and children, including more severe punishments for sexual offenses and child exploitation.

14. Support for Victims of Crime

Victim support systems are formalized, offering psychological and financial assistance to those affected by crimes.

15. Emphasis on Rehabilitation Over Punishment

The new law emphasizes rehabilitation over purely punitive measures, offering alternatives like community service and educational programs for offenders.

Click below to easily access The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023